Applied Fusion Systems to build prototype reactor in 3 years

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Carl White
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Applied Fusion Systems to build prototype reactor in 3 years

Postby Carl White » Fri Oct 24, 2014 3:18 pm

Richard Dinan, whose company portfolio already includes meteorite-based security wearable Senturion and 3D printer company IonCore, has founded Applied Fusion Systems not to win the race to large-scale power generation with the technology, but establish a foothold in the field from which to explore other money-making avenues.


http://www.factor-tech.com/green-energy ... ree-years/

Interestingly it involves using 3D printing technology.

swamijake
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Re: Applied Fusion Systems to build prototype reactor in 3 y

Postby swamijake » Fri Oct 24, 2014 5:05 pm

"meteorite based security" ???

good luck to him.

Carl White
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Re: Applied Fusion Systems to build prototype reactor in 3 y

Postby Carl White » Fri Oct 24, 2014 5:49 pm

swamijake wrote:"meteorite based security" ???

good luck to him.


"meteorite based" is poorly phrased. It's a part of a keyless entry system, in bracelet form. An iron meteorite contributed to the materials.

Apparently it's been successful enough, along with his other company, to leave him money to play with.

Ivy Matt
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Re: Applied Fusion Systems to build prototype reactor in 3 y

Postby Ivy Matt » Sat Oct 25, 2014 6:18 am

I suspect this is the company he's working with:

http://www.tokamakenergy.co.uk/
Temperature, density, confinement time: pick any two.

crowberry
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Re: Applied Fusion Systems to build prototype reactor in 3 years

Postby crowberry » Sun Oct 22, 2017 8:14 pm

Applied Fusion Systems has a homepage: http://appliedfusionsystems.com/. They are planning to build spherical tokamaks like Tokamak Energy.

Image

This will pave the way for modern, smaller reactor design. Smaller is cheaper and faster by default. Smaller reactors can be prototyped more efficiently, and it is my belief that this is the only way meaningful breakthroughs will be made in this sector before ITER turns on in 2040 (or longer).

That's why I've founded Applied Fusion Systems. We are now in the process of process of privately financing the construction of our own British made Tokamak reactor – STAR (Small Toroidal Atomic Reactor).

The designers behind STAR have compiled elements from some of the most successful reactors over the past 20 years and applied the very latest technologies, combined with a cutting edge understanding of plasma physics.

We hope that we can get the £200m funding we need to construct two spherical tokomak nuclear fusion reactors, with the intentions to generate data and results within the next four to six years.


http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/fusion-energy-mastering-plasma-hotter-centre-sun-tiny-tokamaks-1610676

The reactor is part of the new breed of high efficiency spherical tokamaks. The STAR planned Alphpa and Beta reactors are intended to produce 100MW of electricity and will do so using the new generation of materials suited to fusion science; for the toroidal coils REBCO superconductors make the design far easier to service because they are simpler to join. The design also features symmetrical diverter systems which can be used to aid heat extraction from the plasma.

STAR will make use of recent advanced in additive manufacturing otherwise known as 3d printing. Major components can now be laser sintered rather than cast or milled, reducing build costs and times. Complex geometries become possible with additive manufacturing and so AFS can explore novel approaches to existing design challenges.

STAR is slightly larger than the MAST reactor at CCFE, to ensure it can meet a minimum commercial standard of 100MW electrical output.

The Physics

If heat is converted to electricity at 40% efficiency, the reactors need a fusion power of 250MW to produce 100MW of electricity. A steel blanket is widely recognised to support a maximum wall loading of 5MW/mˆ2 so at peak wall loading the STAR reactors A and B require a wall area of ˜50Mˆ2 (250/5). These requirements determine the basic geometry of STAR, major radius = 1.1m minor radius = 0.9m.

https://forum.appliedfusionsystems.com/2017/03/31/first-look-applied-fusion-systems-release-early-reactor-design-and-modelling-concepts/

Skipjack
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Re: Applied Fusion Systems to build prototype reactor in 3 years

Postby Skipjack » Sun Oct 22, 2017 10:21 pm

OK, I may be stupid, but what is the point of doing exactly the same thing Tokamak Energy is already doing in the UK? It seems to be that all it will do is cause funding to split between these two almost identical projects.

paperburn1
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Re: Applied Fusion Systems to build prototype reactor in 3 years

Postby paperburn1 » Mon Oct 23, 2017 10:45 am

I think it is a "first to the brass ring" gets all the prizes type thing.
I am not a nuclear physicist, but play one on the internet.

Carl White
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Re: Applied Fusion Systems to build prototype reactor in 3 years

Postby Carl White » Mon Oct 23, 2017 6:57 pm

Skipjack wrote:OK, I may be stupid, but what is the point of doing exactly the same thing Tokamak Energy is already doing in the UK? It seems to be that all it will do is cause funding to split between these two almost identical projects.


I'm not entirely sure, but I think he's looking ahead with the assumption that some fusion project will be successful and is trying to position his company as having already dealt with some of the manufacturing issues and being the go-to guys for the first wave of orders.

mvanwink5
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Re: Applied Fusion Systems to build prototype reactor in 3 years

Postby mvanwink5 » Mon Oct 23, 2017 7:20 pm

I don't believe there is any patent restriction for this version of a Tokamak. Since the Tokamak plasma and its modeling is so well known, this is a relatively low risk project and if it is viable in a small, 100 MW, reactor it will be very popular for utilities. Moreover, the technology to implement does not seem difficult, subsystems aside, which are being worked on by the big project ITER.

So to answer your question, it is the relatively low risk project as fusion projects go that makes them jump at this configuration.
Near term, cheap, dark horse fusion hits the air waves, GF - TED, LM - Announcement. The race is on.

RERT
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Re: Applied Fusion Systems to build prototype reactor in 3 years

Postby RERT » Mon Oct 23, 2017 7:25 pm

This is a wildly optimistic way to look at it, but you could equally ask why there is more than one company making IC engined cars. One way to answer: because the monopoly profits accruing to a single manufacturer would tempt in many competitors...

mvanwink5
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Re: Applied Fusion Systems to build prototype reactor in 3 years

Postby mvanwink5 » Mon Oct 23, 2017 7:31 pm

I would think that the first wall problem is a huge technical challenge, but it seems that light water reactor knowledge might be sufficient that these guys think they can solve it. Ladajo would have good insight on that.
Near term, cheap, dark horse fusion hits the air waves, GF - TED, LM - Announcement. The race is on.

Skipjack
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Re: Applied Fusion Systems to build prototype reactor in 3 years

Postby Skipjack » Mon Oct 23, 2017 11:07 pm

mvanwink5 wrote:I would think that the first wall problem is a huge technical challenge, but it seems that light water reactor knowledge might be sufficient that these guys think they can solve it. Ladajo would have good insight on that.

Dennis' Whyte's team at the MIT has done a lot of design work to make small compact tokamaks possible. They solved a lot of the problems like materials, divertors, magnet joints, etc. Tokamak Energy is benefiting greatly from this (Dennis Whyte is directly associated with them, IIRC) and I am sure that Applied Fusion Systems is going to benefit as well. I am still not convinced that this makes this a good idea, though. I don't quite see what makes them better than TE...

mvanwink5
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Re: Applied Fusion Systems to build prototype reactor in 3 years

Postby mvanwink5 » Mon Oct 23, 2017 11:18 pm

I am just happy to see some ideas get sufficient funding. Hopefully it is justified. The investors' money is their money and their risk, of course.
Near term, cheap, dark horse fusion hits the air waves, GF - TED, LM - Announcement. The race is on.


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