Nano-Z-Mak proposal

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ohiovr
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Nano-Z-Mak proposal

Post by ohiovr »

Following the work of the late George Klir:

https://www.researchgate.net/publicatio ... re_Z-Pinch

An relatively unknown scientist that was fairly and practically more decorated than Einstein…

[ there is no reason to believe such genius level scientists can’t go unnoticed by popular culture all the time since there are billions of people. Some are extremely well educated and determined, really much more knowledgeable that the celebrity scientists of past popular culture ]

He was a teacher, and a great man who took risks.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Klir

Contrary to a cursory assumption, the tokamak is indeed a pulsed power system. No matter how powerful the containment magnetic fields are the system may only remain active until the plasma escapes it’s radial boundaries. But it doesn’t seem that way because the pulse is in the order of dozens of seconds. I’m going to embrace this with a destructive system. Lets take the time scale down thousands of times smaler and the power millions of times higher.

So I’m introducing the Nano-Z-Mak desktop Thermonuclear pulse power system

It takes on the shape of a Tokamak toroid but uses conductive carbon nano tube yarn impregnated with ordinary hydrogen that is all consumed in the experiment. The yarn diameter is 1 micro meter. The yarn is a bit like self insulating wire. Nanotubes are great conductors axially but terrible radially.. It is wrapped in a torus like a yarn spool thousands of times. The mass of this toroidal core is only a few micrograms. Hydrogen impregnated in it is concentrated at a partial molar ratio to the carbon. So there are your two fuel species. Yes, I had to choose one of the hardest fusion nuts to crush...

The yarn spool is cooled to cryogenic temperatures to allow hydrogen to sit comfortably in the inner parts of each tube while there is a certain degree of super conductivity to the yarn (at first).

The yarn spool has leads that are very long in comparison to the spool diameter perhaps 10 centimetres while the diameter of the spool maybe only 10000 micrometers wide and 5000 micrometers tall.

The yarn leads and spool is dropped between two high voltage electrodes which would not arc until the falling assembly reaches it. But when it does 1,000,000 volts (or some crazy amount) of electric potential shoots though the cathode lead then around the spool torus then out of the anode lead. The current at first could be quite high due to the super conductivity of the yarn but of course it would quench at some point. But electrons traveling nearly the speed of light in this very short assembly means that this transition time might be quite a bit out of sync of the action of the discharge which happens in only pico seconds.

The yarn windings with hundreds of amps flowing through it produce a great magnetic field which attracts each turn to other parts of the windings causing the assembly center to fall into itself at a very high velocity. The result is a lot of carbon and hydrogen coming together like a compressed smoke ring collapsing at thousands of kilometres per second. The hydrogen embedded in the carbon tubes has no where to go but into the carbon nuclei with highly energetic results. The magnetic field is very small in volume but very intense. It would be like a desktop magnetostar. It is reasonable to expect potential magnetic fields to be far beyond state of the art steady state superconducting electromagnets.

If a fraction, lets say .001 of these atoms fuse the energy released would be:

3400 joules or a little less than a single watt hour.

How much energy would be needed to set it off? The court will have to determine.

Applications:

1. all of the applications surrounding Sandia Z Machine but on a scale small universities could afford such as astrophysics, energy production, advanced interplanetary propulsion.

Advantages:

1. costs 5 orders of magnitude less than z machine
2. Repeat shots could be several times per day instead of several times per year.
3. Low consumable material costs
4. No need for deuterium or tritium
5. existing materials technology

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