2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

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williatw
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Re: 2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

Postby williatw » Sat Jul 16, 2016 9:06 am

Global warming ‘hiatus’ debate flares up again


Researchers now argue that slowdown in warming was real.


Image
Industrial emissions continued to rise rapidly in the early 21st century, but temperatures did not increase as much as some expected.


“There is this mismatch between what the climate models are producing and what the observations are showing,” says lead author John Fyfe, a climate modeller at the Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis in Victoria, British Columbia. “We can’t ignore it.”


The latest salvo in an ongoing row over global-warming trends claims that warming has indeed slowed down this century.

An apparent slowing in the rise of global temperatures at the beginning of the twenty-first century, which is not explained by climate models, was referred to as a “hiatus” or a “pause” when first observed several years ago. Climate-change sceptics have used this as evidence that global warming has stopped. But in June last year, a study in Science claimed that the hiatus was just an artefact which vanishes when biases in temperature data are corrected1.

Now a prominent group of researchers is countering that claim, arguing in Nature Climate Change that even after correcting these biases the slowdown was real2.

“There is this mismatch between what the climate models are producing and what the observations are showing,” says lead author John Fyfe, a climate modeller at the Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis in Victoria, British Columbia. “We can’t ignore it.”

Fyfe uses the term “slowdown” rather than “hiatus” and stresses that it does not in any way undermine global-warming theory.

Ups and downs

The debate revolves in part around statistics on temperature trends. The study1 that questioned the existence of the slowdown corrected known biases in the surface temperature record maintained by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), such as differences in temperature readings from ships and buoys. This effectively increased the warming recorded, and the researchers also extended the record to include 2014, which set a new record high for average temperatures.

That work, led by Thomas Karl, director of NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information in Asheville, North Carolina, calculated the rate of global warming between 1950 and 1999 as being 0.113 °C per decade, similar to the 0.116 °C a decade calculated for 2000–14. This, Karl said, meant that an assessment done by the influential Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in 20133 showing that warming had slowed was no longer valid.

Fyfe and his colleagues argue2 that Karl’s approach was biased by a period of relatively flat temperatures that extended from the 1950s into the early 1970s. Greenhouse-gas emissions were lower then, and emissions of industrial pollutants such as sulphate aerosols were cooling the planet by reflecting sunlight back into space. Fyfe says that his calculations show that the planet warmed at 0.170 °C per decade from 1972 to 2001, which is significantly higher than the warming of 0.113 °C per decade he calculates for 2000–14.

Fyfe says that the advantage of this approach is that it takes account of events that affect decadal temperature trends. For instance, researchers have found that climate models underestimated the cooling effect of volcanic eruption and overestimated the heating from solar radiation at the beginning of the twenty-first century4. Other researchers are investigating variability in the Pacific Ocean, including a measure of sea surface temperatures known as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO)5. All these things can affect the climate, and mask the longer-term warming trend.

Bumps and wiggles

Susan Solomon, a climatologist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, says that Fyfe’s framework helps to put twenty-first-century trends into perspective, and clearly indicates that the rate of warming slowed down at a time when greenhouse-gas emissions were rising dramatically.

“It’s important to explain that,” Solomon says. “As scientists, we are curious about every bump and wiggle in that curve.”

For his part, Karl acknowledges that it is important to investigate how short-term effects might impact decadal trends, but says that these short term trends do not necessarily elucidate the long-term effects of rising greenhouse-gas concentrations in the atmosphere.

“What gets obfuscated is the goal of uncovering the warming due to persistent greenhouse forcing [by human emissions],” Karl says. “It is simply not possible to gain insight on that underlying trend from short, segmented 10- to 20-year periods.”

Gavin Schmidt, director of NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York, is tired of the entire discussion, which he says comes down to definitions and academic bickering. There is no evidence for a change in the long-term warming trend, he says, and there are always a host of reasons why a short-term trend might diverge — and why the climate models might not capture that divergence.

“A little bit of turf-protecting and self-promotion I think is the most parsimonious explanation,” Schmidt says. “Not that there's anything wrong with that.”



http://www.nature.com/news/global-warmi ... in-1.19414

choff
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Re: 2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

Postby choff » Mon Jul 18, 2016 12:08 am

The whole phony warming escapade is only meant to create the trillion dollar carbon tax, cap and trade carbon credit fraud. Since it hasn't been going very well they're rolling out a new fraudulent tax scheme to take it's place.

The same foundations that pushed the environmental agenda to lock up resources and concentrate wealth are now funding feminism. Specifically, those anti domestic violence campaigns and the wage gap myth. First they push the myth that domestic violence is this huge crisis caused only by men against women to get the women on board. Then they hand down a domestic violence response levy on everybody equally,(like they've done in a section of Australia).

First they got athletes to sign a pledge and wear a white ribbon, then lecture everybody else. That way when the tax was rolled out, people were in no position to complain about it. You can watch government officials make barefaced lies about the wage gap myth even when every economist has clearly debunked them to the contrary. You can watch feminists swallow it whole, soon you'll get to watch a pay equity levy being rolled out on every man on the planet. Never mind it will harm the wives of every guy who works. Of course the government will take a big administrative cut from the collected levy.
CHoff

choff
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Re: 2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

Postby choff » Thu Jul 21, 2016 12:52 am

CHoff

williatw
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Re: 2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

Postby williatw » Sun Feb 05, 2017 11:59 pm

Exposed: How world leaders were duped into investing billions over manipulated global warming data



The Mail on Sunday can reveal a landmark paper exaggerated global warming
It was rushed through and timed to influence the Paris agreement on climate change
America’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration broke its own rules
The report claimed the pause in global warming never existed, but it was based on misleading, ‘unverified’ data



The Mail on Sunday today reveals astonishing evidence that the organisation that is the world’s leading source of climate data rushed to publish a landmark paper that exaggerated global warming and was timed to influence the historic Paris Agreement on climate change.

A high-level whistleblower has told this newspaper that America’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) breached its own rules on scientific integrity when it published the sensational but flawed report, aimed at making the maximum possible impact on world leaders including Barack Obama and David Cameron at the UN climate conference in Paris in 2015.

The report claimed that the ‘pause’ or ‘slowdown’ in global warming in the period since 1998 – revealed by UN scientists in 2013 – never existed, and that world temperatures had been rising faster than scientists expected. Launched by NOAA with a public relations fanfare, it was splashed across the world’s media, and cited repeatedly by politicians and policy makers.

But the whistleblower, Dr John Bates, a top NOAA scientist with an impeccable reputation, has shown The Mail on Sunday irrefutable evidence that the paper was based on misleading, ‘unverified’ data.

It was never subjected to NOAA’s rigorous internal evaluation process – which Dr Bates devised.

His vehement objections to the publication of the faulty data were overridden by his NOAA superiors in what he describes as a ‘blatant attempt to intensify the impact’ of what became known as the Pausebuster paper.

Image
Data Science,Climate and satellites Consultant John J Bates, who blew the whistle to the Mail on Sunday

It's not the first time we've exposed dodgy climate data, which is why we've dubbed it: Climate Gate 2



His disclosures are likely to stiffen President Trump’s determination to enact his pledges to reverse his predecessor’s ‘green’ policies, and to withdraw from the Paris deal – so triggering an intense political row.

In an exclusive interview, Dr Bates accused the lead author of the paper, Thomas Karl, who was until last year director of the NOAA section that produces climate data – the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) – of ‘insisting on decisions and scientific choices that maximised warming and minimised documentation… in an effort to discredit the notion of a global warming pause, rushed so that he could time publication to influence national and international deliberations on climate policy’.

Dr Bates was one of two Principal Scientists at NCEI, based in Asheville, North Carolina.


“A blatant attempt to intensify paper's impact ”

Official delegations from America, Britain and the EU were strongly influenced by the flawed NOAA study as they hammered out the Paris Agreement – and committed advanced nations to sweeping reductions in their use of fossil fuel and to spending £80 billion every year on new, climate-related aid projects.

The scandal has disturbing echoes of the ‘Climategate’ affair which broke shortly before the UN climate summit in 2009, when the leak of thousands of emails between climate scientists suggested they had manipulated and hidden data. Some were British experts at the influential Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia.

NOAA’s 2015 ‘Pausebuster’ paper was based on two new temperature sets of data – one containing measurements of temperatures at the planet’s surface on land, the other at the surface of the seas.

Both datasets were flawed. This newspaper has learnt that NOAA has now decided that the sea dataset will have to be replaced and substantially revised just 18 months after it was issued, because it used unreliable methods which overstated the speed of warming. The revised data will show both lower temperatures and a slower rate in the recent warming trend.

The land temperature dataset used by the study was afflicted by devastating bugs in its software that rendered its findings ‘unstable’.

The paper relied on a preliminary, ‘alpha’ version of the data which was never approved or verified.

A final, approved version has still not been issued. None of the data on which the paper was based was properly ‘archived’ – a mandatory requirement meant to ensure that raw data and the software used to process it is accessible to other scientists, so they can verify NOAA results.

Dr Bates retired from NOAA at the end of last year after a 40-year career in meteorology and climate science. As recently as 2014, the Obama administration awarded him a special gold medal for his work in setting new, supposedly binding standards ‘to produce and preserve climate data records’.

Yet when it came to the paper timed to influence the Paris conference, Dr Bates said, these standards were flagrantly ignored.

The paper was published in June 2015 by the journal Science. Entitled ‘Possible artifacts of data biases in the recent global surface warming hiatus’, the document said the widely reported ‘pause’ or ‘slowdown’ was a myth.

Less than two years earlier, a blockbuster report from the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which drew on the work of hundreds of scientists around the world, had found ‘a much smaller increasing trend over the past 15 years 1998-2012 than over the past 30 to 60 years’. Explaining the pause became a key issue for climate science. It was seized on by global warming sceptics, because the level of CO2 in the atmosphere had continued to rise.

NOAA’s climate boss Thomas Karl, below left, had a hotline to the White House, through his long association with President Obama’s science adviser, John Holdren.

Image

Image

Karl’s ‘Pausebuster’ paper was hugely influential in dictating the world agreement in Paris and sweeping US emissions cuts. President Trump, above right, has pledged to scrap both policies – triggering furious claims by Democrats he is a climate ‘denier’ and ‘anti-science’.

Thanks to today’s MoS story, NOAA is set to face an inquiry by the Republican-led House science committee

Some scientists argued that the existence of the pause meant the world’s climate is less sensitive to greenhouse gases than previously thought, so that future warming would be slower. One of them, Professor Judith Curry, then head of climate science at the Georgia Institute of Technology, said it suggested that computer models used to project future warming were ‘running too hot’.

However, the Pausebuster paper said while the rate of global warming from 1950 to 1999 was 0.113C per decade, the rate from 2000 to 2014 was actually higher, at 0.116C per decade. The IPCC’s claim about the pause, it concluded, ‘was no longer valid’.

The impact was huge and lasting. On publication day, the BBC said the pause in global warming was ‘an illusion caused by inaccurate data’.

One American magazine described the paper as a ‘science bomb’ dropped on sceptics.

Its impact could be seen in this newspaper last month when, writing to launch his Ladybird book about climate change, Prince Charles stated baldly: ‘There isn’t a pause… it is hard to reject the facts on the basis of the evidence.’


“Data changed to make the sea appear warmer ”

The sea dataset used by Thomas Karl and his colleagues – known as Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperatures version 4, or ERSSTv4, tripled the warming trend over the sea during the years 2000 to 2014 from just 0.036C per decade – as stated in version 3 – to 0.099C per decade. Individual measurements in some parts of the globe had increased by about 0.1C and this resulted in the dramatic increase of the overall global trend published by the Pausebuster paper. But Dr Bates said this increase in temperatures was achieved by dubious means. Its key error was an upwards ‘adjustment’ of readings from fixed and floating buoys, which are generally reliable, to bring them into line with readings from a much more doubtful source – water taken in by ships. This, Dr Bates explained, has long been known to be questionable: ships are themselves sources of heat, readings will vary from ship to ship, and the depth of water intake will vary according to how heavily a ship is laden – so affecting temperature readings.

Dr Bates said: ‘They had good data from buoys. And they threw it out and “corrected” it by using the bad data from ships. You never change good data to agree with bad, but that’s what they did – so as to make it look as if the sea was warmer.’

ERSSTv4 ‘adjusted’ buoy readings up by 0.12C. It also ignored data from satellites that measure the temperature of the lower atmosphere, which are also considered reliable. Dr Bates said he gave the paper’s co-authors ‘a hard time’ about this, ‘and they never really justified what they were doing.’

Now, some of those same authors have produced the pending, revised new version of the sea dataset – ERSSTv5. A draft of a document that explains the methods used to generate version 5, and which has been seen by this newspaper, indicates the new version will reverse the flaws in version 4, changing the buoy adjustments and including some satellite data and measurements from a special high-tech floating buoy network known as Argo. As a result, it is certain to show reductions in both absolute temperatures and recent global warming.

The second dataset used by the Pausebuster paper was a new version of NOAA’s land records, known as the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN), an analysis over time of temperature readings from about 4,000 weather stations spread across the globe.

Image
The unstable land readings: Scientists at NOAA used land temperature data from 4,000 weather stations (pictured, one in Montana, USA). But the software used to process the figures was bug-ridden and unstable. NOAA also used 'unverified' data that was not tested or approved. This data as merged with unreliable sea surface temperatures

Image
The 'adjusted' sea readings: Average sea surface temperatures are calculated using data from weather buoys (pictured). But NOAA ‘adjusted’ these figures upwards to fit with data taken from ships – which is notoriously unreliable. This exaggerated the warming rate, allowing NOAA to claim in the paper dubbed the ‘Pausebuster’ that there was no ‘pause’


It's not the first time we've exposed dodgy climate data, which is why we've dubbed it: Climate Gate 2

Dr John Bates’s disclosures about the manipulation of data behind the ‘Pausebuster’ paper is the biggest scientific scandal since ‘Climategate’ in 2009 when, as this paper reported, thousands of leaked emails revealed scientists were trying to block access to data, and using a ‘trick’ to conceal embarrassing flaws in their claims about global warming.

Both scandals suggest a lack of transparency and, according to Dr Bates, a failure to observe proper ethical standards.







http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/ ... -data.html

TDPerk
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Re: 2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

Postby TDPerk » Mon Feb 06, 2017 5:07 pm

williatw wrote:Exposed: How world leaders were duped into investing billions over manipulated global warming data



The Mail on Sunday can reveal a landmark paper exaggerated global warming
It was rushed through and timed to influence the Paris agreement on climate change
America’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration broke its own rules
The report claimed the pause in global warming never existed, but it was based on misleading, ‘unverified’ data



The Mail on Sunday today reveals astonishing evidence that the organisation that is the world’s leading source of
...
Both scandals suggest a lack of transparency and, according to Dr Bates, a failure to observe proper ethical standards.


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/ ... -data.html


It is so disheartening and depressing to recall the idiot happyjack27 over here:
viewtopic.php?f=10&t=6271
Claiming I'm someone who can not learn, when he never posted so much as one fact supporting his views, and he'll ignore the reality of the fraud as seen above--and people like him are still in charge of gatekeeping science.
molon labe
montani semper liberi
para fides paternae patria

pbelter
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Re: 2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

Postby pbelter » Tue Feb 07, 2017 12:22 am

A Libel Suit Threatens Catastrophe for the Climate of Public Debate Michael Mann sues to silence critics, and errant courts ignore the First Amendment to help him


https://www.wsj.com/articles/a-libel-suit-threatens-catastrophe-for-the-climate-of-public-debate-1486336417

Outside of paywall

http://www.ruthfullyyours.com/2017/02/06/a-libel-suit-threatens-catastrophe-for-the-climate-of-public-debate-michael-mann-sues-to-silence-critics-and-errant-courts-ignore-the-first-amendment-to-help-him-by-michael-a-carvin-and-anthony-dic/

So it looks like the scam is designed to stifle free speech. First they assault the Second Amendment, then the First. Whatever the Left can do to assault civil rights they will, and more

choff
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Re: 2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

Postby choff » Tue Feb 07, 2017 12:53 am

If a black man were put on trial for rape in the old south, and the judge, jury, police and court officers all belonged to the KKK, you couldn't call it a fair trial. At the very least, you would expect the judge to recuse himself. Likewise, if you put a Jew on trial for rape in an all Nazi court, you would say the accused received an unfair trial, because at the very least the judge and jury were biased. Of course, in the now, if any man goes on trial for rape, the judge and court officials have been indoctrinated to believe in Patriarchy theory as an established fact. To a varied extend the jury is also so indoctrinated. In reality, if you take Patriarchy theory and 'the World Wide Jewish Conspiracy', they are interchangeable. Just swap Jew with Man and Woman with Aryan, and you've got it.

In a likewise manner, judge and court officials are indoctrinated in AGW theory from birth on, quoting supporting evidence from agencies whose members have been indoctrinated from birth on. They've been appointed or nominated by other officials indoctrinated from birth on. The defense will quite literally need to reeducate the judge and jury during the course of the trial to have any hope of a rational verdict. This assumes the court isn't already politically corrupted, and evidence and witnesses refused as inadmissible.

Law differs from science in one other respect, it values the quantity of expert opinion over the quality of the opinion.
CHoff

choff
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Re: 2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

Postby choff » Tue Feb 07, 2017 1:13 am

“In our dreams, people yield themselves with perfect docility to our molding hands. The present education conventions of intellectual and character education fade from their minds and unhampered by tradition we work our own good will upon a grateful and responsive folk. We shall not try to make these people or any of their children into men of learning or philosophers, or men of science. We have not to raise up from them authors, educators, poets or men of letters, great artists, painters, musicians, nor lawyers, doctors, statesmen, politicians, creatures of whom we have ample supply. The task is simple. We will organize children and teach them in a perfect way the things their fathers and mothers are doing in an imperfect way.

~ First mission statement of the J.D. Rockefeller-endowed General Education Board in 1906
CHoff

pbelter
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Re: 2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

Postby pbelter » Mon Mar 06, 2017 11:07 pm

Drastic cooling in North Atlantic beyond worst fears, scientists warn

https://www.theguardian.com/environment ... tists-warn

I don't take this very seriously since there is a lot of hype about "Scary news" since they draw attention (read: commercials)

Still, looks like in the wake of new Maunder Minimum the consensus narrative is collapsing. Of course they try to spin it as 'Climate Change' but fewer and fewer people are buying.

TDPerk
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Re: 2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

Postby TDPerk » Fri Oct 13, 2017 4:18 pm

molon labe

montani semper liberi

para fides paternae patria

Diogenes
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Re: 2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

Postby Diogenes » Fri Oct 13, 2017 9:43 pm

pbelter wrote:Drastic cooling in North Atlantic beyond worst fears, scientists warn

https://www.theguardian.com/environment ... tists-warn

I don't take this very seriously since there is a lot of hype about "Scary news" since they draw attention (read: commercials)

Still, looks like in the wake of new Maunder Minimum the consensus narrative is collapsing. Of course they try to spin it as 'Climate Change' but fewer and fewer people are buying.



I've been reading for years that we are long overdue for an ice age. Anyone can take a look at the geological record and see that the likelihood of warming was remote.


I shall not be surprised if they figure out a way to tell us that we must give huge amounts of power to them to rescue us from "global cooling".
‘What all the wise men promised has not happened, and what all the damned fools said would happen has come to pass.’
— Lord Melbourne —

krenshala
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Re: 2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

Postby krenshala » Fri Oct 13, 2017 9:48 pm

Yes, it is currently spring in the Southern Hemisphere as of ~20 September.

williatw
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Re: 2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

Postby williatw » Sat Oct 14, 2017 2:20 am

pbelter wrote:Drastic cooling in North Atlantic beyond worst fears, scientists warn


Trouble is they (the global warming crowd) already have that one covered. They will simply say that the warming caused large amounts of ice melt run-off into the Atlantic Ocean; the huge influx of fresh water disrupted the "The Thermohaline Circulation - The Great Ocean Conveyor Belt".

https://pmm.nasa.gov/education/videos/t ... veyor-belt


Said disruption then caused the observed North Atlantic cooling...in other word warming causes cooling. If that doesn't work then merely "cook" the temperature measurements from past years downward by more "accurate" modern measurement techniques. The same will be done to explain away the current slowdown/reversal in sea level rise, if it continues. Simply put just decide the decades earlier measurements on ocean level were shit, revise them downward to puff up the current measurements. Same thing they did with the climate hiatus; reimagine the old data "adjust" as needed, problem goes away.

choff
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Re: 2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

Postby choff » Sat Oct 14, 2017 4:41 am

At some point they flip the script altogether, they say the skeptics were right, CO2 doesn't cause warming. Only they say it's responsible for an oncoming ice age unless we eliminate fossil fuels right now. So they get to keep the green scam running and crush the skeptics at the same time.
CHoff

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Re: 2014 only the hottest year on the cooked books...

Postby krenshala » Sat Oct 14, 2017 1:59 pm

Cue the setting in Fallen Angles.


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